Stair installation is a vital home project for both your home interior and decks. For your stair installation to be successful, you’ll need these vice of a professional contactor Do you want install a star in your home, there are various ways to achieve this.
Here’s a guide to stair installation in your home.
- Make preliminary measurements.
You must take the following preliminary measurements whether you are installing new stairs or conducting a stair repair project.
- Measure the height of your installation area– your installation area is also referred to as the total rise. Start by measuring the height and the gap to avoid making the top step level where your stair begins.
- Divide its total rise by the typical rise. Usually, the typical rise by step is 6.5-8 inches. Dividing the total rise by the typical rise gives you the number of steps on your home stairs.
- Divide the total rise by the number of steps: Dividing the total rise by a number of steps gives you the actual rise per step of your stairs. But use a slightly different total rise than the typical rise height. It will help you ensure your steps are of the same height regardless of your overall rise.
- Identify the run of each step. The tread of your stairsteps should be less than 10 inches. Such a tread width will provide adequate space for the average foot to comfortably and safely step.
- Establish the full run of the staircase: Total run is the horizontal distance of your stairs from the beginning to the end. To find the distance, multiply the total number of steps by the run of each step of your stairs.
- Decide if stairs need landings: you can install landings when your stair rise and run is extended or if you prefer to have landings. But you’ll have to work your way up by building your lower landings first.
- Calculate the length of stringers: stringers are the pieces that hold your stair steps’ length by running diagonally underneath them. Also, your risers and treads are attached to the stringers. You can use the right angle hypotenuse rule to calculate your stringer lengths.
- Find ways to attach the stairs to your home: how you attach your stairs depends on the stair’s sit angle. For instance, if your stair is set with a vertical face of your home, you’ll need to attach the stringers to your existing framework. But if your stairs don’t fit, you’ll need to create secondary support.
- Cut the stringers
Start by laying out sufficiently long pieces of lumber. Mark the height and depth of stair steps with a carpenter square. Remember to modify your stringer top to account for the overall angle.
Once your account for the angle, mark each step along with the lumber piece and cut using a circular saw or hand saw. Don’t forget to square off your bottom stringer and test it to see if it fits in place.
- Assemble the staircase
Start by installing your stringers to your structure. While on stringers, stabilize them by installing toe boards. Then, install the treads and perhaps attach your trim to the outer stringer. If necessary, varnish or paint your home stairs.
The guide will help you install your home stair effectively and eliminate the need to rebuild later. So, apply the ideas when installing or repairing your home stairs.